Antebellum South and Slavery

In this section of the post, I will explain how Beyonce’s Lemonade album uses visual imagery in her album music video. I will also explain a brief history of the Antebellum South, the plantains, and the Igbo Landing before I explain how it relates to Lemonade. 

The Antebellum Period in our American history happened after the Constitution was adopted in 1789 until the beginning of the Civil War. Fort Macomb is a pre-civil war fort named after Major General Alexander Macomb. The Fort was never used for battle but rather for defense mechanisms.  Antebellum Louisiana had slave plantations that were self- sufficient and were run and built by salves. The majority of the slaves lived in long barracks that housed several individuals. They harvest agricultural goods such as cotton and sugar.

Picking Cotton
George François Mugnier
c. 1895

Image from Louisiana State Museum.

The Igbo Landing took place in St.Simons Island, Georgia. The Igbo were from modern day Nigeria. Throughout the south, they where known as “being fiercely independent and unwilling to tolerate the humiliations of chattel slavery.”(Powell) When they were on their way to St.Simons Island, they rebelled against their captures. After the Igbo drowned their captures, they committed mass suicide. According to Timothy B. Powell, “Based on an actual historical event, this remarkable tale of an Ebo (also known as Igbo or Ibo) slave rebellion on St. Simons Island has become a powerful metaphor of African American courage, longing, and conviction.”(Powell)

Drawing of the Igbo Landing

Image from

Beyonce uses visual aids in her new album, Lemonade. One good example that she uses is in “Love Drought”. This music video references the Igbo Landing. The music video starts on the beach. Beyonce and the other woman hold hands in union and later walk in the water. They do this to portray the Igbo Landing. She uses this platform to spread knowledge about the history behind the rebellion of African Americans.

Beyonce in “Love Drought”

Image from


  1. Hemard, Ned. History of FortMacomb.New Orleans Nostagia. 2011.  Webpage:
  2. Powell, Timothy B. Ebos Landing. New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of            Pennsylvania. 06/15/2004 Webpage:
  3.  Antebellum Louisiana II: Agrarian Life. Louisiana Feed Your Soul. Louisiana Department of Culture Recreation and Tourism. 2017  Webpage:
  4.  Histroy net. 2018 Webpage:
  5. Onerandonchick





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